Digital cameras today offer superb image quality that competes directly with film. These cameras look and act like traditional cameras with a few extra features. Tricky camera designs quickly leave the marketplace because photographers want to take pictures and not be bogged down by hard-to-use technology. Many things about digital cameras are identical to film cameras, a few things are slightly tweaked from film expectations, and several features are unique to digital photography. Some of the significant differences can help you take better pictures than you ever did with a film camera.
For quality results from any camera, photography’s basics still apply no matter how an image is captured. A tripod is always essential if slow shutter speeds are needed and big telephoto lenses are used. Fast shutter speeds remain a crucial way to stop action, and f-stops continue to affect field depth. The essential parts of a scene still need to focus on them, and dramatic light always helps make for panoramic photos.
The “digital” in the digital camera has caused even experienced photographers to worry that this new technology will be challenging to master. But consider this: No beginner ever picked up a camera and knew what all the controls did. For the serious photographer, f-stops and shutter speeds were not instinctive. Looking for a Wedding Photo Company? Look no further. Cosmopolitan Events has compiled an ultimate list of wedding photo companies to help you choose.
10 Basic Digital Photography Tips
Digital photography can be an addicting hobby. The medium offers instant feedback you don’t get with film (unless you’re shooting Polaroid), and large memory cards allow you to experiment with angles and lighting to your heart’s content.
Shoot in Raw
Most digital cameras are set to capture files in JPG format out of the box. This is very convenient, as it allows you to quickly share files with friends and family—without the need for post-processing. But you’re giving up a lot of control by not shooting in Raw—which is an unprocessed file that contains the image as the camera’s sensor captured it. A Raw file allows you to tweak colours, exposure, black levels, sharpness, and other attributes with much more flexibility than an already-compressed JPG allows. You will need software to work with Raw images. Your camera may have a bundled solution, but a dedicated program like Adobe Photoshop Lightroom Classic CC or Phase One Capture One Pro will deliver more tools and better results.
Consider Off-Camera Lighting
You may have already added a dedicated flash to your camera so that you can avoid the harsh light created by the on-camera flash. But if you want to experiment with flash photography, moving the moment away from the camera is critical. Consider the PocketWizard system of wireless remotes to do so.
There are many different choices for off-camera lighting. You can opt for a portable battery-powered flash that can also be used on-camera or opt for more powerful studio lights. The portrait above was shot using a single Elinchrom moonlight with a reflector for a stark, high-contrast look. But you can use different lighting modifiers like a softbox or umbrella for softer, more even light. And if you’re working outdoors, a portable reflector to fill in shadows is a valuable tool, although you’ll need an assistant to hold and position it.
Try Some Different Lenses
Chances are you’ve already moved away from the 18-55mm kit lens, either opting for a better quality zoom or a fast prime lens. But if you’re stuck in a creative rut or want to experiment with some new types of photography, a specialized lens can come in handy. You can opt for a super-sharp macro lens that can focus close and fill your frame with small objects. You can go in the opposite direction and grab a Lensbaby, a creative lens system that allows you to adjust the plane of focus, creating photos that have a sharp point of focus that gives way to soft, swirly dreaminess.
If you have a mirrorless camera, your choices are even more vast. Numerous lens adapters make it possible to mount virtually any lens to these cameras for manual focus mode. More exciting options include CCTV lenses, which are generally very fast but produce images with incredibly soft corners, Russian rangefinder lenses like the Industar-69, and lenses from toy cameras like the Holga.
Keep Your Sensor Clean
If you’re the type to change lenses in the field, there’s a good chance that you’ve got some dust on your image sensor. This is often invisible at wider apertures, but if you take a photo at f/5.6 or smaller, these spots can distract from your picture. A simple blower, like the Giottos Rocker Air Blaster, is a simple (and whimsical) tool for dust removal. For more persistent spots, consider a cleaning kit from Visible Dust and Lenspen, or, if you aren’t comfortable doing it yourself, professional cleaning is in order.
Zoom During Exposure
This may require some practice. Event photographers often apply a bit of zoom during an exposure to give shots a more dynamic look. Using a flash to freeze the motion of your subject, along with a longer shutter speed so you can change the focal length during the shot, will lead to some fun images—if you pull it off. You can also do the same thing during prolonged exposure to fireworks (minus the flash, of course).
Replace Your Strap
If you’re going to be doing a lot of shooting, you should be comfortable. If you’re lugging your DSLR or mirrorless camera around on the neck strap that came in the box, don’t. There are dozens of third-party options out there—many of which are more comfortable and practical. Like those from BlackRapid, Sling straps are often used by event photographers who carry multiple bodies with heavy lenses attached. You can also go the classic route with a wide fabric strap—readily available via Etsy shops, or go full hipster with an artisanal, handcrafted leather strap like those made in Brooklyn by Tap & Dye.
Mix Your Media
Today’s digital cameras don’t just capture high-quality still images. They’re also capable video cameras. You can share video clips on your Instagram feed with the same ease you do portraits. Some stories are best told with a photo, but others require a bit of motion and sound. It’s a different skill set and one that’s beneficial to learn.
You don’t have to take images when standing on level ground. Adding a drone to your tool kit makes it possible to grab shots from perspectives you’d never be able to get otherwise. Most drones can capture 4K video and Raw format images, and current models are safe to fly (assuming you follow the rules).
Print Your Work
It’s easy to share your photos online or view them on a digital picture frame, but if you take an image that you truly love, it deserves to be printed. You can print at home on an inkjet, but for the best results, you’ll want to go with a dedicated printing service. Sites like Smugmug and Mpix offer fun ways to display your work, including prints on canvas, metallic paper, and true black and white photo paper for a classic look. You can also opt for a custom photo book, an update on the traditional family album with your photos printed directly onto the pages.
Upgrade Your Camera for the Right Reasons
If you’re enthusiastic about your photos, you might be itching to buy a new camera. There are plenty of reasons to upgrade, but you don’t always have to have the latest camera to take good photos. If you’re using an entry-level DSLR or mirrorless model, you’d be better served moving up to a higher-class body rather than a higher-resolution camera of the same class. Semi-pro cameras offer better-quality viewfinders, more physical controls, and sturdier construction.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Digital Photography
Why precisely are digital cameras so popular today? Is there some rocket science involved, which makes digital cameras superior over roll film cameras? Are they a “good thing” to all enthusiast, or they do have some drawbacks too? Let us look at some of the advantages and disadvantages of digital cameras concerning photography. Looking for a wedding photographer in Melbourne? Look no further. Cosmopolitan events has compiled an ultimate list of wedding photo companies to help you choose.
Advantages of Digital Photography
First, the good news is there are several advantages of digital photography, and they are appropriate to everyone, from amateur photographers to professional photographers. Here’s why:
Eliminates Film and Film Processing
This is probably the most significant of all its advantages. You do not have to spend your time and energy developing the roll of film in a dark room. Using a digital camera means that you can take pictures without paying for the cinema or wondering which type of film to buy. You will never have to repurchase a movie.
Large Photo Storage
Digital cameras can easily store up to 10,000 photos, depending on the size of the memory card and the quality of pictures you are taking. This ultimately outweighs the storage capacity of traditional roll film cameras.
In earlier cameras, one always had to “wind” the film after clicking a photograph. This led to a certain amount of time delay and inconvenience to the user. With digital cameras, no such activity is required. You point and shoot.
High-end digital cameras have been thoroughly designed for face detection through the camera lens. They are minimizing the instances of getting all those blurry faces and red-eye photographs!
These days, high-end digital cameras also come equipped with inbuilt motion detection features that adjust moving images and avoid blurriness. This becomes particularly helpful when taking pictures of moving objects, like a car race or a soccer game in progress.
Taking pictures in dark or dim-lit surroundings has become much easier, thanks to the special night mode usually features in today’s digital cameras.
Easy Image Editing
Digital images can be edited with ease. Image editing software is quickly and widely available, and they allow you to tweak the photograph as per your preference.
Viewfinder and Preview Screens
Digital cameras have viewing screens on the camera body, which allow you to view the image as soon as you have clicked it. If you do not like it, you can delete it, giving you back the storage space intended for better shots.
Video Recording Capability
Today, most digital cameras come fully equipped with built-in video recording features. So if you come across something that you would prefer to record rather than click, you can do it using the same camera.
It is environmentally sound—no processing chemicals to wash down sewers. The massive amount of water and electricity used to process film are no longer needed. Also, you won’t need to worry about recycling those little plastic film containers.
Digital cameras are highly cost-effective, adaptable, and offer total VFM (value for money). Besides, they are continuously being upgraded with new features, thanks to constant technological advances.
Disadvantages of Digital Photography
Now, the bad news there are some downsides to digital photography. It is not yet perfect, and we are all still paying for the manufacturers’ research and development costs. Here are some of the cons:
Memory Card Problems
All the photographs, video clips, etc., are stored on a memory card. In certain rare cases, the memory card can become corrupt or develop other issues, resulting in permanent loss of data.
Higher Initial Cost
High-end, fully-loaded digital cameras tend to be a little bit pricey as compared to roll film cameras.
Battery consumption depletes more quickly in digital cameras. This makes it necessary to keep a few extra batteries in hand, especially during extensive photo sessions.
35mm film has an image resolution that is roughly equivalent to a 25-megapixel full-frame sensor. While digital image sensors continue to improve and digital cameras get better every day in general, film images still win when it comes to resolution and quality.
The film has a higher superior dynamic range than digital cameras. This means that film can capture a broader range of tonal quality. This is a huge factor in overall image quality because it is harder to overexpose an image using film. Film typically can produce different shades of white which helps prevent overexposure of highlights. This means that film has the advantage of capturing shades of light, especially at sunrise or sunset.
Digital cameras, especially the less expensive models, are prone to have shutter lag which is the delay in time from when you press the shutter button and the time the image is captured.
It is difficult, if not impossible, to do double or multiple exposures on a digital camera. Plus, digital cameras are more prone to noise on really long exposures. Looking for the Best Photographers in Melbourne? We have compiled an exclusive list of some of Melbourne’s best photographers to capture your special day.